Evidence that isoniazid and ethanol induce the same microsomal cytochrome P-450 in rat liver, an isozyme homologous to rabbit liver cytochrome P-450 isozyme 3a

Dene E. Ryan, Dennis R. Koop, Paul E. Thomas, Minor J. Coon, Wayne Levin

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Abstract

Cytochrome P-450j has been purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from hepatic microsomes of adult male rats administered ethanol and compared to the corresponding enzyme from isoniazid-treated rats. The enzymes isolated from ethanol- and isoniazid-treated rats have identical chromatographic properties, minimum molecular weights, spectral properties, peptide maps, NH2-terminal sequences, immunochemical reactivities, and substrate selectivities. Both preparations of cytochrome P-450j have high catalytic activity in aniline hydroxylation, butanol oxidation, and N-nitrosodimethylamine demethylation with turnover numbers of 17-18, 37-46, and 15 nmol product/min/nmol of P-450, respectively. A single immunoprecipitin band exhibiting complete identity was observed when the two preparations were tested by double diffusion analysis with antibody to isoniazid-inducible cytochrome P-450j. Ethanol- and isoniazid-inducible rat liver cytochrome P-450j preparations have also been compared and contrasted with cytochrome P-450 isozyme 3a, the major ethanol-inducible isozyme from rabbit liver. The rat and rabbit liver enzymes have slightly different minimum molecular weights and somewhat different peptide maps but similar spectral, catalytic, and immunological properties, as well as significant homology in their NH2-terminal sequences. Antibody to either the rat or rabbit isozyme cross-reacts with the heterologous enzyme, showing a strong reaction of partial identity. Antibody against isozyme 3a specifically recognizes cytochrome P-450j in immunoblots of induced rat liver microsomes. Aniline hydroxylation catalyzed by the reconstituted system containing cytochrome P-450j is markedly inhibited (>90%) by antibody to the rabbit protein. Furthermore, greater than 85% of butanol or aniline metabolism catalyzed by hepatic microsomes from ethanol- or isoniazid-treated rats is inhibited by antibody against isozyme 3a. Results of antibody inhibition studies suggest that cytochrome P-450j is induced four- to sixfold by ethanol or isoniazid treatment of rats. All of the evidence presented in this study indicates that the identical cytochrome P-450, P-450j, is induced in rat liver by either isoniazid or ethanol, and that this isozyme is closely related to rabbit cytochrome P-450 isozyme 3a.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-644
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume246
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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