Retrospective evaluation of a deep learning–derived retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) vascular severity score in an operational ROP screening program demonstrated high diagnostic performance for detection of type 2 or worse ROP. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the literature that evaluated the use of artificial intelligence for ROP screening and represents a proof of concept. With further prospective validation, this technology might improve the accuracy, efficiency, and objectivity of diagnosis and facilitate earlier detection of disease progression in patients with potentially blinding ROP.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health