Evaluating the interdependence of aging-related changes in visual and auditory acuity, balance, and cognitive functioning

Scott M. Hofer, Stig Berg, Pertti Era

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations


High proportions of shared age-related variance are found among measures of perceptual acuity, balance, muscle strength, and cognitive capabilities in age-heterogeneous, cross-sectional studies. Reliance on cross-sectional studies is problematic, however, because associations may arise from age-related mean trends. Narrow age-cohort samples provide an alternative basis for testing hypotheses regarding associations among rates of change. Cross-domain associations were evaluated in combined 75-year-old cohort samples from Denmark, Finland, and Sweden. In general, no consistent associations were found across sensory, balance, strength, and cognitive domains. These findings indicate that the effects of aging on sensory acuity, balance, and cognitive functioning are likely to be largely independent, multidimensional, and complex at the level of the individual.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-305
Number of pages21
JournalPsychology and Aging
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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