Evaluating the efficacy and safety of a progestin- and estrogen-releasing ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer contraceptive vaginal ring

Brian Trung Nguyen, Jeffrey T. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Multiple studies confirm the safety and efficacy of the combined ethinyl estradiol (EE) and etonogestrel contraceptive vaginal ring (NuvaRing®). Advantages of continuous drug delivery through the vagina compared to oral administration include stable levels of contraceptive steroids without the need for daily drug administration. Although the combined contraceptive vaginal ring (CCVR) avoids the problem of missed pills, clinical data do not support greater efficacy. Vaginal administration avoids first-pass hepatic effects; however, EE is a potent inducer of hepatic globulins regardless of the route of administration. Consequently, thromboembolic risk during CCVR use is similar to that with combined oral contraceptives. Some epidemiologic and database studies suggest that the risk of thromboembolism is increased among users of the CCVR compared to levonorgestrel-containing combined pills.Areas covered: This review examined the available literature for level 1 and level 2 evidence of the CCVR and its associated efficacy and safety. Studies are presented in table format with significant findings and conclusions described.Expert opinion: A prospective study with 33,235 woman-years of exposure and with greater ability to control for covariates did not demonstrate an elevation of risk. The safety profile of the CCVR appears to be the same as with other combined hormonal contraceptives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1423-1430
Number of pages8
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Safety
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Combined contraceptive vaginal ring
  • Contraception
  • Contraceptive failure
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Safety
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluating the efficacy and safety of a progestin- and estrogen-releasing ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer contraceptive vaginal ring'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this