Ethnic differences in the dynamics of depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Americans

Xiao Xu, Jersey Liang, Joan M. Bennett, Ana Quinones, Wen Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study examined differences in the trajectory of depressive symptoms between Hispanic, Black, and White Americans in middle and old age. Method: Data came from a national sample of Americans with up to 6 repeated assessments spanning 11 years. Hierarchical linear models with time-varying covariates were used. Results: Hispanics started with the worst depressive symptomatology, followed by Black Americans, whereas White Americans had the fewest symptoms. These differences, however, diminished over time. More importantly, net of socioeconomic and health differentials, the depressive symptoms trajectory did not differ between Blacks and Whites, whereas Hispanics still started with worse symptoms and had a greater rate of reduction in symptomatology compared to Whites. Discussion: Significant ethnic differences exist in both the intercept and rate of change in depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Americans. These variations are substantially confounded by socioeconomic and health differentials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)631-652
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Depression
linear model
old age
health
Health
Linear Models
time
hydroquinone

Keywords

  • depressive symptoms
  • ethnicity
  • hierarchical linear models
  • Hispanics
  • race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Community and Home Care

Cite this

Ethnic differences in the dynamics of depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Americans. / Xu, Xiao; Liang, Jersey; Bennett, Joan M.; Quinones, Ana; Ye, Wen.

In: Journal of Aging and Health, Vol. 22, No. 5, 08.2010, p. 631-652.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Xu, Xiao ; Liang, Jersey ; Bennett, Joan M. ; Quinones, Ana ; Ye, Wen. / Ethnic differences in the dynamics of depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Americans. In: Journal of Aging and Health. 2010 ; Vol. 22, No. 5. pp. 631-652.
@article{da90bbc53d564e2685a63e377dda51f4,
title = "Ethnic differences in the dynamics of depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Americans",
abstract = "Objective: This study examined differences in the trajectory of depressive symptoms between Hispanic, Black, and White Americans in middle and old age. Method: Data came from a national sample of Americans with up to 6 repeated assessments spanning 11 years. Hierarchical linear models with time-varying covariates were used. Results: Hispanics started with the worst depressive symptomatology, followed by Black Americans, whereas White Americans had the fewest symptoms. These differences, however, diminished over time. More importantly, net of socioeconomic and health differentials, the depressive symptoms trajectory did not differ between Blacks and Whites, whereas Hispanics still started with worse symptoms and had a greater rate of reduction in symptomatology compared to Whites. Discussion: Significant ethnic differences exist in both the intercept and rate of change in depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Americans. These variations are substantially confounded by socioeconomic and health differentials.",
keywords = "depressive symptoms, ethnicity, hierarchical linear models, Hispanics, race",
author = "Xiao Xu and Jersey Liang and Bennett, {Joan M.} and Ana Quinones and Wen Ye",
year = "2010",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1177/0898264310370851",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "631--652",
journal = "Journal of Aging and Health",
issn = "0898-2643",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ethnic differences in the dynamics of depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Americans

AU - Xu, Xiao

AU - Liang, Jersey

AU - Bennett, Joan M.

AU - Quinones, Ana

AU - Ye, Wen

PY - 2010/8

Y1 - 2010/8

N2 - Objective: This study examined differences in the trajectory of depressive symptoms between Hispanic, Black, and White Americans in middle and old age. Method: Data came from a national sample of Americans with up to 6 repeated assessments spanning 11 years. Hierarchical linear models with time-varying covariates were used. Results: Hispanics started with the worst depressive symptomatology, followed by Black Americans, whereas White Americans had the fewest symptoms. These differences, however, diminished over time. More importantly, net of socioeconomic and health differentials, the depressive symptoms trajectory did not differ between Blacks and Whites, whereas Hispanics still started with worse symptoms and had a greater rate of reduction in symptomatology compared to Whites. Discussion: Significant ethnic differences exist in both the intercept and rate of change in depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Americans. These variations are substantially confounded by socioeconomic and health differentials.

AB - Objective: This study examined differences in the trajectory of depressive symptoms between Hispanic, Black, and White Americans in middle and old age. Method: Data came from a national sample of Americans with up to 6 repeated assessments spanning 11 years. Hierarchical linear models with time-varying covariates were used. Results: Hispanics started with the worst depressive symptomatology, followed by Black Americans, whereas White Americans had the fewest symptoms. These differences, however, diminished over time. More importantly, net of socioeconomic and health differentials, the depressive symptoms trajectory did not differ between Blacks and Whites, whereas Hispanics still started with worse symptoms and had a greater rate of reduction in symptomatology compared to Whites. Discussion: Significant ethnic differences exist in both the intercept and rate of change in depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Americans. These variations are substantially confounded by socioeconomic and health differentials.

KW - depressive symptoms

KW - ethnicity

KW - hierarchical linear models

KW - Hispanics

KW - race

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954329011&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77954329011&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0898264310370851

DO - 10.1177/0898264310370851

M3 - Article

C2 - 20495153

AN - SCOPUS:77954329011

VL - 22

SP - 631

EP - 652

JO - Journal of Aging and Health

JF - Journal of Aging and Health

SN - 0898-2643

IS - 5

ER -