Estrogen-induced left ventricular chamber enlargement in ewes

G. D. Giraud, M. J. Morton, L. E. Davis, M. S. Paul, K. L. Thornburg

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Abstract

We studied the chronic effect of administration of a single large intramuscular dose of 17β-estradiol on left ventricular chamber size and output in the ewe. Fourteen oophorectomized ewes were successfully instrumented and studied, with measurements made of left ventricular, aortic, right and left atrial pressures, left ventricular stroke volume, and left ventricular minor axis dimension. Unanesthetized ewes were studied before and 1, 2, and 3 wk after intramuscular administration of 0.6 mg/kg 17β-estradiol (7 ewes) or 1.5 ml sesame oil placebo (7 ewes). Left ventricular end- diastolic pressure-end-diastolic dimension (LVEDP-EDD) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure-stroke volume (LVEDP-SV) relationships were quantified during graded inferior vena caval occlusion and volume infusion. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was larger after estrogen but not after placebo administration. The LVEDP-EDD relationship shifted progressively rightward, indicating left ventricular chamber enlargement in the estrogen group but was unchanged in the placebo group. The plateau limb of the LVEDP- SV relationship in the estrogen group shifted up from a mean stroke volume of 77.1-89.5 ml/beat and did not change in the placebo group. We conclude that administration of a single large intramuscular dose of 17β-estradiol resulted in left ventricular chamber enlargement and increased stroke volume in the ewe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E490-E496
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume264
Issue number4 27-4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

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Keywords

  • cardiac output
  • sex steroid
  • stroke volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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