Estrogen increases collagen I and III mRNA expression in the pelvic support tissues of the rhesus macaque

Amanda L. Clark, Ov D. Slayden, Kevin Hettrich, Robert M. Brenner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Scopus citations


    Objective: Our aim was to study the effect of estradiol and raloxifene on collagen synthesis, by measuring the expression collagen I and III mRNA. Study design: Nineteen nulliparous young adult rhesus macaques underwent oophorectomy and were treated for 5 months with estradiol alone, raloxifene, or no hormone. Tissue samples were acquired from the lateral vaginal wall, and included the paravaginal attachment and levator ani muscle. Expression of mRNA for collagen I and III was measured by in situ hybridization. Results: Estradiol increased mRNA for collagen I and III compared with no hormone and raloxifene treatment (ANOVA, P < .05). Collagen mRNA was localized to fibroblasts in the vaginal connective tissue and the connective tissue investments of striated muscle. Collagen mRNA was not expressed in epithelial, smooth, and striated muscle cells. Conclusion: Estrogen, but not raloxifene, increases collagen gene transcription and indicates stimulation of collagen synthesis in pelvic floor connective tissues.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1523-1529
    Number of pages7
    JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
    Issue number5 SPEC. ISS.
    StatePublished - May 2005


    • Collagen synthesis
    • Estrogen
    • Raloxifene
    • Rhesus macaque
    • Vagina

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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