1. The concepts of local and cosmopolitan knowledge may be used by gerontological nurses in creating partnerships with family caregivers to frail older people. 2. Local knowledge is the understanding and skills that the family brings to the caregiving situation; cosmopolitan knowledge is the understanding and skills that the gerontological nurse brings to the situation. 3. Four nursing interventions are guided by the conceptualization of local and cosmopolitan knowledge: acknowledging and affirming local knowledge when it is adequate; developing or enhancing local knowledge when it is inadequate; assisting family caregivers to apply local knowledge to problem solving; and blending local and cosmopolitan knowledge.
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