Escape of hepatic glucose production during hyperglycemic clamp

D. Elahi, G. S. Meneilly, K. L. Minaker, D. K. Andersen, J. W. Rowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of the pattern of insulin secretion on hepatic glucose production (HGP) was evaluated with hyperglycemic and euglycemic clamp studies in six normal young nonobese subjects. In the hyperglycemic studies, glucose levels were raised and maintained at 98 mg/dl above basal for 150 min. Each subject responded with a biphasic pattern of immunoreactive insulin (IRI) release. HGP was completely suppressed by 20 min, coincident with the first-phase insulin release. HGP then rose steadily, surpassing the basal rate by 100 min when IRI had reached the peak levels of the first phase. By 130 min, when IRI had surpassed the peak first-phase levels, HGP began to fall. In the euglycemic studies with a square wave of hyperinsulinemia (~25 μU/ml), HGP was suppressed to ~60% of basal and remained at that rate. We next repeated the hyperglycemic studies with somatostatin, glucagon, and insulin infusions. In these studies with a square wave of hyperinsulinemia (~40 μU/ml, the level observed during the first phase IRI of the previous hyperglycemic clamps), HGP was suppressed to ~43% of basal rate and remained at that rate. These studies indicate insulin regulation of HGP is not only dependent on insulin level but may be strongly influenced by the pattern, over time, of insulin secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20/5
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume257
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1989

Keywords

  • Pattern of insulin release
  • Somatostatin
  • Somatotropin release-inhibiting factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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