Interleukin-1 (IL-1) induces cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells to elaborate heterogeneous hematopoietic growth factors, including granulocyte-macrophage and granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (GM-CSF and G-CSF, respectively). Because erythroid burst-promoting activity (BPA) is also elaborated by endothelial cells exposed to IL-1, we sought to determine whether the BPA released by IL-1-induced endothelial cells simply reflects the known erythropoietic activity of GM-CSF or whether other uncharacterized factors might be involved. Media conditioned by multiple passaged endothelial cells cultured for three days with recombinant IL-1α (ECM(IL-1)) stimulated erythroid burst and GM colony formation in cultures of human nonadherent T-lymphocyte-depleted marrow mononuclear cells. Pretreatment with an anti-GM-CSF antiserum neutralized all the BPA and 56% of the GM colony-stimulating activity (GM-CSA) in ECM(IL-1). The anti-serum used in these studies did not inhibit IL-3 or G-CSF activity and did not inhibit ECM-(IL-1)-induced murine GM colony growth (a measure of human G-CSF). To examine whether GM-CSF induces BPA release by accessory cells, media conditioned by marrow cells cultured for three days with GM-CSF were tested in the colony growth assays. Pretreatment with anti-GM-CSF antiserum completely neutralized the BPA and GM-CSA of the marrow cell-conditioned medium. We conclude that GM-CSF is the BPA elaborated by IL-1-induced endothelial cells. The in vitro erythropoietic activity of GM-CSF is not dependent on induced BPA release by accessory cells and therefore likely results from a direct effect of GM-CSF on progenitor cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology