Epidural analgesia versus intravenous patient-controlled analgesia following minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Andrea Stroud, Darena D. Tulanont, Thomasena E. Coates, Philip P. Goodney, Daniel P. Croitoru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose The minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair (MIPER) is a painful procedure. The ideal approach to postoperative analgesia is debated. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of epidural analgesia compared to intravenous Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) following MIPER. Methods We searched MEDLINE (1946-2012) and the Cochrane Library (inception-2012) for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and cohort studies comparing epidural analgesia to PCA for postoperative pain management in children following MIPER. We calculated weighted mean differences (WMD) for numeric pain scores and summarized secondary outcomes qualitatively. Results Of 699 studies, 3 RCTs and 3 retrospective cohorts met inclusion criteria. Compared to PCA, mean pain scores were modestly lower with epidural immediately (WMD - 1.04, 95% CI - 2.11 to 0.03, p = 0.06), 12 hours (WMD - 1.12; 95% CI - 1.61 to - 0.62, p < 0.001), 24 hours (WMD - 0.51, 95%CI - 1.05 to 0.02, p = 0.06), and 48 hours (WMD - 0.85, 95% CI - 1.62 to - 0.07, p = 0.03) after surgery. We found no statistically significant differences between secondary outcomes. Conclusions Epidural analgesia may provide superior pain control but was comparable with PCA for secondary outcomes. Better designed studies are needed. Currently the analgesic technique should be based on patient preference and institutional resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)798-806
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Funnel Chest
Patient-Controlled Analgesia
Epidural Analgesia
Meta-Analysis
Pain
Patient Preference
Pain Management
Postoperative Pain
MEDLINE
Analgesia
Libraries
Analgesics
Cohort Studies
Randomized Controlled Trials
Safety

Keywords

  • Analgesia
  • Epidural
  • Minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair
  • Nuss
  • Pain control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Epidural analgesia versus intravenous patient-controlled analgesia following minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair : A systematic review and meta-analysis. / Stroud, Andrea; Tulanont, Darena D.; Coates, Thomasena E.; Goodney, Philip P.; Croitoru, Daniel P.

In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Vol. 49, No. 5, 01.01.2014, p. 798-806.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stroud, Andrea ; Tulanont, Darena D. ; Coates, Thomasena E. ; Goodney, Philip P. ; Croitoru, Daniel P. / Epidural analgesia versus intravenous patient-controlled analgesia following minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair : A systematic review and meta-analysis. In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2014 ; Vol. 49, No. 5. pp. 798-806.
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abstract = "Background/Purpose The minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair (MIPER) is a painful procedure. The ideal approach to postoperative analgesia is debated. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of epidural analgesia compared to intravenous Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) following MIPER. Methods We searched MEDLINE (1946-2012) and the Cochrane Library (inception-2012) for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and cohort studies comparing epidural analgesia to PCA for postoperative pain management in children following MIPER. We calculated weighted mean differences (WMD) for numeric pain scores and summarized secondary outcomes qualitatively. Results Of 699 studies, 3 RCTs and 3 retrospective cohorts met inclusion criteria. Compared to PCA, mean pain scores were modestly lower with epidural immediately (WMD - 1.04, 95{\%} CI - 2.11 to 0.03, p = 0.06), 12 hours (WMD - 1.12; 95{\%} CI - 1.61 to - 0.62, p < 0.001), 24 hours (WMD - 0.51, 95{\%}CI - 1.05 to 0.02, p = 0.06), and 48 hours (WMD - 0.85, 95{\%} CI - 1.62 to - 0.07, p = 0.03) after surgery. We found no statistically significant differences between secondary outcomes. Conclusions Epidural analgesia may provide superior pain control but was comparable with PCA for secondary outcomes. Better designed studies are needed. Currently the analgesic technique should be based on patient preference and institutional resources.",
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