Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural southwestern Haiti: The grand'anse women's health study

Kathleen A. Jobe, Robert F. Downey, Donna Hammar, Lori Van Slyke, Terri Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study attempts to define socioeconomic, clinical, and laboratory correlates in vaginitis and other sexually transmitted infections in rural southwestern Haiti. A convenience sample of subjects recruited from a rural women's health clinic and attending an established clinic at the Haitian Health Foundation (HHF) clinic was studied. A standardized history and physical examination, including speculum examination, and collection of blood, urine, and vaginal swabs were obtained from the women at the rural clinic. Additional vaginal swab samples only for Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAAT) testing were obtained from women at the HHF clinic in Jérémie. Laboratory results from Leon subjects were positive for Gardnerella vaginalis in 41% (41 of 100), Trichomonas vaginalis in 13.5% (14 of 104), Candida sp. in 9% (9 of 100), Mycoplasma genitalium in 6.7% (7 of 104), Chlamydia trachomatis in 1.9% (2 of 104), and Neisseria gonorrhea in 1% (1 of 104) of patients. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody tests were negative in 100% (103 of 103) of patients, and syphilis antibody testing was positive for treponemal antibodies in 7.7% (8 of 104) patients. For subjects from the HHF, 19.9% were positive for T. vaginalis, 11.9% were positive for C. trachomatis, 10.1% were positive for M. genitalium, and 4.1% were positive for N. gonorrhea. Infections with G. vaginalis, T. vaginalis, and Candida were the most common. N. gonorrhea, C. trachomatis, Candida sp., T. vaginalis, and M. genitalium infections were associated with younger age (less than 31 years old).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)881-886
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume91
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Fingerprint

Haiti
Trichomonas vaginalis
Mycoplasma genitalium
Women's Health
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Chlamydia trachomatis
Epidemiology
Candida
Gardnerella vaginalis
Antibodies
Health
Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques
Mycoplasma Infections
Vaginitis
Rural Health
Urine Specimen Collection
Syphilis
Surgical Instruments
Physical Examination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Cite this

Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural southwestern Haiti : The grand'anse women's health study. / Jobe, Kathleen A.; Downey, Robert F.; Hammar, Donna; Van Slyke, Lori; Schmidt, Terri.

In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 91, No. 5, 01.11.2014, p. 881-886.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jobe, Kathleen A. ; Downey, Robert F. ; Hammar, Donna ; Van Slyke, Lori ; Schmidt, Terri. / Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in rural southwestern Haiti : The grand'anse women's health study. In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2014 ; Vol. 91, No. 5. pp. 881-886.
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