Épidémiologie de l’autisme: où en sommes-nous ?

Translated title of the contribution: Epidemiology of autism

Éric Fombonne, Julianne Myers, Alison Chavez, Alison Presmanes Hill, Katharine Zuckerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article provides a review of substantial findings and methodological issues in epidemiological surveys of autism. Studies published since 2 000 are reviewed and indicate huge heterogeneity of methods across surveys. Prevalence estimates vary widely, with a range of prevalence from 0.7 % to 1.5 % being consistent with recent, well-designed studies. Factors that explain time trends in prevalence are examined, including changes in diagnostic concepts and criteria, diagnostic substitution and improved awareness and case ascertainment. Finally, we review how factors such as social class and ethnic minority status affect prevalence in subgroups.

Translated title of the contributionEpidemiology of autism
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)13-47
Number of pages35
JournalEnfance
Volume2019
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Epidemiolog
  • Ethnic minority
  • Incidence
  • Prevalence
  • Social class
  • Time trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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