Épidémiologie de l’autisme

où en sommes-nous ?

Translated title of the contribution: Epidemiology of autism

Eric Fombonne, Julianne Myers, Alison Chavez, Alison Presmanes Hill, Katharine Zuckerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article provides a review of substantial findings and methodological issues in epidemiological surveys of autism. Studies published since 2 000 are reviewed and indicate huge heterogeneity of methods across surveys. Prevalence estimates vary widely, with a range of prevalence from 0.7 % to 1.5 % being consistent with recent, well-designed studies. Factors that explain time trends in prevalence are examined, including changes in diagnostic concepts and criteria, diagnostic substitution and improved awareness and case ascertainment. Finally, we review how factors such as social class and ethnic minority status affect prevalence in subgroups.

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)13-47
Number of pages35
JournalEnfance
Volume2019
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Autistic Disorder
autism
epidemiology
diagnostic
Epidemiology
substitution
social class
national minority
trend
Social Class
Autism
time
Surveys and Questionnaires
Diagnostics

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Epidemiolog
  • Ethnic minority
  • Incidence
  • Prevalence
  • Social class
  • Time trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Fombonne, E., Myers, J., Chavez, A., Hill, A. P., & Zuckerman, K. (2019). Épidémiologie de l’autisme: où en sommes-nous ? Enfance, 2019(1), 13-47.

Épidémiologie de l’autisme : où en sommes-nous ? / Fombonne, Eric; Myers, Julianne; Chavez, Alison; Hill, Alison Presmanes; Zuckerman, Katharine.

In: Enfance, Vol. 2019, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 13-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fombonne, E, Myers, J, Chavez, A, Hill, AP & Zuckerman, K 2019, 'Épidémiologie de l’autisme: où en sommes-nous ?', Enfance, vol. 2019, no. 1, pp. 13-47.
Fombonne E, Myers J, Chavez A, Hill AP, Zuckerman K. Épidémiologie de l’autisme: où en sommes-nous ? Enfance. 2019 Jan 1;2019(1):13-47.
Fombonne, Eric ; Myers, Julianne ; Chavez, Alison ; Hill, Alison Presmanes ; Zuckerman, Katharine. / Épidémiologie de l’autisme : où en sommes-nous ?. In: Enfance. 2019 ; Vol. 2019, No. 1. pp. 13-47.
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