Epidemiology of Animal Exposures Presenting to Emergency Departments

Mark T. Steele, Oscar Ma, Janet Nakase, Gregory J. Moran, William R. Mower, Samuel Ong, Anusha Krishnadasan, David A. Talan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To describe the epidemiology of emergency department mammalian animal exposures and to compare adult and pediatric exposure characteristics. Methods: This was a prospective case series of patients presenting with animal exposure-related complaints from July 1996 to July 1998. Eleven university-affiliated, geographically diverse, urban emergency departments (EMERGEncy ID NET) participated. Results: A total of 1,631 exposures (80.5%) were from dogs, 267 (13.2%) from cats, 88 (4.3%) from rodents or rabbits, 18 (0.9%) from raccoons and wild carnivores, eight (0.4%) from livestock, nine (0.4%) from monkeys, and five (0.2%) from bats. Compared with adults, children were more likely to be bitten by dogs (odds ratio [OR], 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.2 to 3.8) or hamsters, gerbils, and rabbits (OR, 2.6; 95% CI = 0.79 to 9.2); to be bitten on the head, neck, or face (OR, 6.7; 95% CI = 5.2 to 8.6); and to be petting or playing with the animal at the time of exposure (OR, 2.6; 95% CI = 2.1 to 3.3). Conclusions: Animal exposures are a common source of injury seen in the emergency department. These findings have potentially important public health implications in terms of emphasizing the need to effectively implement education programs for parents and children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)398-403
Number of pages6
JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hospital Emergency Service
Epidemiology
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Raccoons
Dogs
Rabbits
Gerbillinae
Livestock
Cricetinae
Haplorhini
Rodentia
Cats
Neck
Public Health
Parents
Head
Pediatrics
Education
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • bites
  • cats
  • dogs
  • emergency
  • epidemiology
  • stings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Steele, M. T., Ma, O., Nakase, J., Moran, G. J., Mower, W. R., Ong, S., ... Talan, D. A. (2007). Epidemiology of Animal Exposures Presenting to Emergency Departments. Academic Emergency Medicine, 14(5), 398-403. https://doi.org/10.1197/j.aem.2006.12.012

Epidemiology of Animal Exposures Presenting to Emergency Departments. / Steele, Mark T.; Ma, Oscar; Nakase, Janet; Moran, Gregory J.; Mower, William R.; Ong, Samuel; Krishnadasan, Anusha; Talan, David A.

In: Academic Emergency Medicine, Vol. 14, No. 5, 05.2007, p. 398-403.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steele, MT, Ma, O, Nakase, J, Moran, GJ, Mower, WR, Ong, S, Krishnadasan, A & Talan, DA 2007, 'Epidemiology of Animal Exposures Presenting to Emergency Departments', Academic Emergency Medicine, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 398-403. https://doi.org/10.1197/j.aem.2006.12.012
Steele, Mark T. ; Ma, Oscar ; Nakase, Janet ; Moran, Gregory J. ; Mower, William R. ; Ong, Samuel ; Krishnadasan, Anusha ; Talan, David A. / Epidemiology of Animal Exposures Presenting to Emergency Departments. In: Academic Emergency Medicine. 2007 ; Vol. 14, No. 5. pp. 398-403.
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