Enzalutamide in Men with Chemotherapy-naïve Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer: Extended Analysis of the Phase 3 PREVAIL Study

Tomasz M. Beer, Andrew J. Armstrong, Dana Rathkopf, Yohann Loriot, Cora N. Sternberg, Celestia S. Higano, Peter Iversen, Christopher P. Evans, Choung Soo Kim, Go Kimura, Kurt Miller, Fred Saad, Anders S. Bjartell, Michael Borre, Peter Mulders, Teuvo L. Tammela, Teresa Parli, Suha Sari, Steve van Os, Ad TheeuwesBertrand Tombal

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    103 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Enzalutamide significantly improved radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) and overall survival (OS) among men with chemotherapy-naïve metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer at the prespecified interim analysis of PREVAIL, a phase 3, double-blind, randomized study. We evaluated the longer-term efficacy and safety of enzalutamide up to the prespecified number of deaths in the final analysis, which included an additional 20 mo of follow-up for investigator-assessed rPFS, 9 mo of follow-up for OS, and 4 mo of follow-up for safety. Enzalutamide reduced the risk of radiographic progression or death by 68% (hazard ratio [HR] 0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.28–0.37; p < 0.0001) and the risk of death by 23% (HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.67–0.88; p = 0.0002). Median investigator-assessed rPFS was 20.0 mo (95% CI 18.9–22.1) in the enzalutamide arm and 5.4 mo (95% CI 4.1–5.6) in the placebo arm. Median OS was 35.3 mo (95% CI 32.2–not yet reached) in the enzalutamide arm and 31.3 mo (95% CI 28.8–34.2) in the placebo arm. At the time of the OS analysis, 167 patients in the placebo arm had crossed over to receive enzalutamide. The most common adverse events in the enzalutamide arm were fatigue, back pain, constipation, and arthralgia. This final analysis of PREVAIL provides more complete assessment of the clinical benefit of enzalutamide. PREVAIL is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT01212991. Patient summary According to data from longer follow-up, enzalutamide continued to provide benefit over placebo in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)151-154
    Number of pages4
    JournalEuropean Urology
    Volume71
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

    Keywords

    • Androgen receptor signaling inhibitor
    • Enzalutamide
    • Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
    • Overall survival
    • Radiographic progression-free survival

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Urology

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Enzalutamide in Men with Chemotherapy-naïve Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer: Extended Analysis of the Phase 3 PREVAIL Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Beer, T. M., Armstrong, A. J., Rathkopf, D., Loriot, Y., Sternberg, C. N., Higano, C. S., Iversen, P., Evans, C. P., Kim, C. S., Kimura, G., Miller, K., Saad, F., Bjartell, A. S., Borre, M., Mulders, P., Tammela, T. L., Parli, T., Sari, S., van Os, S., ... Tombal, B. (2017). Enzalutamide in Men with Chemotherapy-naïve Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer: Extended Analysis of the Phase 3 PREVAIL Study. European Urology, 71(2), 151-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2016.07.032