Background: Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) often have a history of antibiotic adverse drug reactions (ADRs) that pose a barrier to receiving recommended first-line treatment. Targeted antibiotic allergy evaluations are increasingly recognized as an important strategy for optimization of antimicrobial stewardship. Objective: To improve first-line antibiotic use in patients with CF with antibiotic ADRs by streamlining access to antibiotic allergy evaluations and standardizing documentation of plans for antibiotic reintroduction. Methods: We incorporated allergy evaluations into a multidisciplinary CF clinic and used telemedicine when allergy evaluations could not be performed during CF clinic. Standard documentation of antibiotic allergy plans was used to enable safe reintroduction of first-line antibiotics by CF providers. Results: Strategies used in this study allowed 81.3% (26 of 32) of patients with CF to receive allergy evaluations and antibiotic allergy plans for prioritized antibiotics (penicillin, cephalosporin, sulfonamide), with removal of 41.0% (16 of 39) of prioritized antibiotic ADRs. Only 5.1% (2 of 39) of prioritized antibiotic ADRs evaluated required strict avoidance after evaluation. There were 9 patients who received at least 1 prioritized antibiotic, with 66.6% (6 of 9) of these patients given the antibiotic after only 1 allergy evaluation visit. Furthermore, these strategies allowed allergy evaluations of 23 nonprioritized antibiotics to occur, with removal of the ADR in 39.1% (9 of 23) and use of 77.8% (7 of 9) of nonprioritized antibiotics after removal. Conclusion: Incorporating allergy evaluations into a multidisciplinary CF clinic can liberalize first-line antibiotic use in patients with CF. Standard documentation of antibiotic allergy plans allowed antibiotic reintroduction to occur even before complete removal of documented antibiotic ADRs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine