Embedding 3D radiology models in portable document format

Andrew Phelps, David M. Naeger, Peter Marcovici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to discuss how to convert cross-sectional images into a 3D model and embed them in a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. Four programs are used: OsiriX, MeshLab, Microsoft PowerPoint, and Adobe Acrobat. Step-by-step instructions are provided. CONCLUSION. Embedding 3D radiology models into PDF files is a powerful tool that may be used for clinical, educational, and research purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1342-1344
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D model
  • Portable Document Format (pdf)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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