Expression of adenovirus type 5 E1A 12S is sufficient to immortalize primary baby rat kidney cells, but another viral or cellular oncogene, such as E1B or T24ras, is necessary for complete transformation. The regions of 12S sufficient for T24ras cotransformation have been well characterized and are located in the first exon. The second exon is dispensable for ras cotransformation, although it contains a region which appears to modulate the transforming phenotype. The same 12S first exon regions important in ras transformation are also necessary for E1B transformation. Analysis of an extensive series of second exon deletion and amino acid point mutations demonstrated that mutations affecting either the efficient nuclear localization and/or the immortalizing ability of the 12S protein also prevented cooperation with E1B. In general, the entire C-terminal half of 12S, including the nuclear localization signal, was necessary for efficient cotransformation with E1B. In addition to the differences between T24ras and E1B regarding 12S regions necessary for cotransformation, the characteristics of E1B-cotransformed foci differed from those of T24ras. The E1B foci took longer to appear and had a much slower growth rate. No hypertransformed foci were produced with E1B cotransfections, and established E1A-E1B lines exhibited minimal growth in soft agar compared with that of E1A-T24ras lines.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science