Efficacy of Valganciclovir in the Treatment of Cytomegalovirus Disease in Kidney and Pancreas Transplant Recipients

F. L. Luan, P. Chopra, J. Park, S. Norman, D. Cibrik, A. Ojo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease is relatively common following solid organ transplant, particularly if a serologically negative recipient receives an organ from a serologically positive donor (D+/R-). Although valganciclovir is approved for the treatment of CMV retinitis in AIDS patients and is used for the prophylaxis against CMV infection in solid organ transplant patients, the current standard treatment for CMV disease in solid organ transplant recipients remains intravenous ganciclovir. We retrospectively reviewed our experience using valganciclovir as treatment for CMV disease in CMV D+/R- kidney and/or pancreas transplant recipients from March 2002 to June 2005. A total of 37 cases with primary CMV disease were diagnosed and treated with either intravenous ganciclovir as induction followed with valganciclovir or valganciclovir from the beginning. We compared clinical outcomes and viremia between the two groups. Our data suggest that valganciclovir is an effective treatment modality for primary CMV disease in kidney and/or pancreas transplant recipients. It led to the resolution of disease and undetectable viremia. Valganciclovir allowed for early initiation of treatment and for treatment to be given as an outpatient. These advantages of valganciclovir have both health and economic impact for patients with CMV disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3673-3675
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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