Efficacy of guselkumab on axial involvement in patients with active psoriatic arthritis and sacroiliitis: a post-hoc analysis of the phase 3 DISCOVER-1 and DISCOVER-2 studies

Philip J. Mease, Philip S. Helliwell, Dafna D. Gladman, Denis Poddubnyy, Xenofon Baraliakos, Soumya D. Chakravarty, Alexa P. Kollmeier, Elizabeth C. Hsia, Xie L. Xu, Shihong Sheng, Prasheen Agarwal, Bei Zhou, Kristen Sweet, May Shawi, Chetan S. Karyekar, Atul Deodhar, Désirée van der Heijde

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Guselkumab was efficacious in reducing signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis in the phase 3 DISCOVER-1 and DISCOVER-2 studies. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of guselkumab in post-hoc analyses of patients with psoriatic arthritis with imaging-confirmed sacroiliitis consistent with axial involvement. Methods: In DISCOVER-1, 381 patients with active psoriatic arthritis (defined as ≥3 swollen joints, ≥3 tender joints, and C-reactive protein [CRP] ≥0·3 mg/dL) and in DISCOVER-2, 739 patients with active psoriatic arthritis (defined as ≥5 swollen joints, ≥5 tender joints, and CRP ≥0·6 mg/dL) were randomly allocated to receive guselkumab 100 mg every 4 weeks, guselkumab 100 mg every 8 weeks (week 0, week 4, then every 8 weeks), or placebo. These pooled, post-hoc analyses included patients with axial disease documented by previous imaging or pelvic radiography at screening consistent with sacroiliitis (confirmed by investigator). Efficacy assessments included least squares mean changes, with 95% CIs, in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) score, modified BASDAI (mBASDAI; excluding peripheral joint pain), spinal pain, and Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS), and proportions of patients achieving at least a 50% improvement in BASDAI score (BASDAI50) and achieving ASDAS responses of inactive disease (score <1·3), major improvement (change of ≥2·0), and clinically important improvement (change of ≥1·1). Findings: Of the 1120 patients in the two DISCOVER studies, 312 (28%) were included in this analysis, of whom 118 were in the placebo group, 103 were in the guselkumab every 4 weeks group, and 91 were in the guselkumab every 8 weeks group. 191 (61%) were male, and 121 (39%) were female, and the mean age was 45·1 (SD 11·2). HLA-B27 status was assessed in 190 patients; 57 (30%) were HLA-B27-positive and 133 (70%) were HLA-B27-negative. At week 24, least squares mean changes from baseline in BASDAI were −2·7 (95% CI −3·2 to −2·2) in both guselkumab groups versus −1·3 (−1·8 to −0·9) in the placebo group; similar results were observed for mBASDAI and spinal pain. Least squares mean changes in ASDAS scores at week 24 were −1·4 (95% CI −1·7 to −1·2) in both guselkumab groups and −0·7 (−0·9 to −0·5) for placebo. At week 24, 36 (38%) patients in the guselkumab every 4 weeks group and 34 (40%) of those in the guselkumab every 8 weeks group achieved BASDAI50 versus 21 (19%) of placebo patients; greater proportions of guselkumab-treated patients achieved ASDAS responses versus placebo. Across outcomes, separation from placebo was observed at week 8. Improvements with guselkumab were seen at week 24 independent of HLA-B27 status. These improvements were maintained at week 52 in the guselkumab groups. Interpretation: Patients with active psoriatic arthritis and imaging-confirmed sacroiliitis who were treated with guselkumab every 4 weeks or every 8 weeks had greater mean improvements in BASDAI and ASDAS (as early as week 8) than did placebo-treated participants, with sustained improvements at week 52. Funding: Janssen Research & Development LLC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e715-e723
JournalThe Lancet Rheumatology
Volume3
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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