Efficacy of Fresh Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation in the Knee for Adults 40 Years and Older

Devon E. Anderson, Katlyn S. Robinson, Jack Wiedrick, Dennis Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation has become a standard therapy for cartilage restoration in young patients. Purpose: To determine the efficacy of fresh OCA transplantation for focal cartilage lesions in patients aged ≥40 years compared with a group of patients aged ≤39 years. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A database was used to identify patients who underwent fresh OCA transplantation in the knee in a single-surgeon practice over a 10-year period and who completed baseline patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires, including the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC); Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) subscales of Pain, Symptoms, Activities of Daily Living, Quality of Life (QOL), and Sports & Recreation; and Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey (VR-12). Patients who completed the same PRO measures at a minimum 12-month follow-up were categorized into 2 groups based on age at surgery and were observed longitudinally. Mixed-model regression was used to predict longitudinal growth curves for each PRO score while controlling for confounding patient and surgical variables. Results: The study group consisted of 38 patients with a mean age of 52.32 years (range, 40-69 years) and mean final follow-up of 44.47 ± 24.32 months. The control group consisted of 42 patients with a mean age of 27.19 years (range, 15-39 years) and mean final follow-up of 33.75 ± 19.53 months. A statistically significant improvement from baseline to final follow-up was seen for the IKDC score and all 5 KOOS subscores in both the study and the control groups (P <.01 in 10 of 12 comparisons and P <.05 for the other 2 comparisons). Maximum improvements were seen in the KOOS QOL and Sports & Recreation subscores for both groups. There was no statistically significant difference between groups in the change from baseline to final follow-up or in differences at any time point in model-based longitudinal projections for any PRO score through 5 years. Conclusion: There was a significant improvement of outcomes for both groups, with no statistically significant difference between groups over longitudinal follow-up. The efficacy of fresh OCA transplantation in adults aged ≥40 years with a focal chondral lesion and without osteoarthritis is similar to that of younger adults, and benefits are greatest for the KOOS QOL and Sports & Recreation subscales, which reflect functional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume6
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • age
  • articular cartilage
  • knee
  • osteochondral allograft transplantation
  • patient-reported outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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