Introduction: Tubercular lymphadenitis (TB-L) is the most common manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Excisional biopsy with histopathological examination, Ziehl-Neelsen staining (ZNS) and culture and fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology, although useful in the diagnosis of TB-L, cannot diagnose a substantial proportion of cases. We investigated the role of an in-house polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting the IS6110 gene from the FNA material in the diagnosis of the disease. Materials and Methods: The clinical profile of 150 patients with lymphadenopathy was noted and the fine needle aspirate was collected. After cytological processing, ZNS and culture on Lowenstein-Jensen media, mycobacterial DNA was isolated from the residual aspirate material and IS6110 gene PCR was performed. Results of cytology, ZNS, culture and IS6110 gene PCR were compared. Results: There were 49 confirmed patients of TB-L based on laboratory parameters (either culture isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis or any two of cytology, ZNS, PCR positive) and clinical response to therapy. Sensitivity and specificity of FNA was 89.8% and 96%, of ZNS was 40.8% and 99%, of culture was 40.8% and 100% and of IS6110 gene PCR test was 100% and 92.1%. Conclusion: IS6110 PCR can be considered a valuable adjunct to cytology, ZNS and culture techniques in the diagnosis of TB-L.
- Fine needle aspiration cytology
- IS6110 PCR
- tubercular lymphadenitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Microbiology (medical)