Efficacy of a novel surgical manikin for simulating emergency surgical procedures

Diogo F.V. Garcia, Cristiane A. Domingues, Francisco S.E. Collet Silva, Newton D. Mori, Karen J. Brasel, John Kortbeek, Jameel Ali, Renato S. Poggetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The practical component of the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLSÒ) course typically includes a TraumaManÒ manikin. This manikin is expensive; hence, a low-cost alternative (SurgeManÒ) was developed in Brazil. Our primary objective was to compare user satisfaction among SurgeMan, TraumaMan, and porcine models during the course. Our secondary objective was to determine the user satisfaction scores for SurgeMan. This study included 36 ATLS students and nine instructors (4:1 ratio). Tube thoracostomy, cricothyroidotomy, pericardiocentesis, and diagnostic peritoneal lavage were performed on all the three models. The participants then rated their satisfaction both after each activity and after the course. The porcine and TraumaMan models fared better than SurgeMan for all skills except pericardiocentesis. In the absence of ethical or financial constraints, 58 per cent of the students and 66 per cent of the instructors indicated preference for the porcine model. When ethical and financial factors were considered, no preference was evident among the students, whereas 66 per cent of instructors preferred SurgeMan over the others. The students gave all three models an overall adequacy rating of >80 per cent; the instructors gave only the animal models an adequacy rating of <80 per cent. Although the users were more satisfied with TraumaMan than with SurgeMan, both were considered acceptable for the ATLS course.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1318-1326
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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