Efficacy of a group-based dietary intervention for limiting gestational weight gain among obese women: A randomized trial

Kimberly K. Vesco, Njeri Karanja, Janet C. King, Matthew W. Gillman, Michael C. Leo, Nancy Perrin, Cindy T. McEvoy, Cara L. Eckhardt, K. Sabina Smith, Victor J. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Observational studies suggest that minimal gestational weight gain (GWG) may optimize pregnancy outcomes for obese women. This trial tested the efficacy of a group-based weight management intervention for limiting GWG among obese women. Methods One hundred and fourteen obese women (BMI [mean-±-SD] 36.7-±-4.9 kg/m2) were randomized between 7 and 21 weeks' (14.9-±-2.6) gestation to intervention (n-=-56) or usual care control conditions (n-=-58). The intervention included individualized calorie goals, advice to maintain weight within 3% of randomization and follow the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension dietary pattern without sodium restriction, and attendance at weekly group meetings until delivery. Control participants received one-time dietary advice. Our three main outcomes were maternal weight change from randomization to 2 weeks postpartum and from randomization to 34 weeks gestation, and newborn large-for-gestational age (birth weight >90th percentile, LGA). Results Intervention participants gained less weight from randomization to 34 weeks gestation (5.0 vs. 8.4 kg, mean difference-=-3.4 kg, 95% CI [-5.1-1.8]), and from randomization to 2 weeks postpartum (-2.6 vs. +1.2 kg, mean difference-=-3.8 kg, 95% CI [-5.9-1.7]). They also had a lower proportion of LGA babies (9 vs. 26%, odds ratio-=-0.28, 95% CI [0.09-0.84]). Conclusions The intervention resulted in lower GWG and lower prevalence of LGA newborns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1989-1996
Number of pages8
JournalObesity
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Vesco, K. K., Karanja, N., King, J. C., Gillman, M. W., Leo, M. C., Perrin, N., McEvoy, C. T., Eckhardt, C. L., Smith, K. S., & Stevens, V. J. (2014). Efficacy of a group-based dietary intervention for limiting gestational weight gain among obese women: A randomized trial. Obesity, 22(9), 1989-1996. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.20831