Efficacy and tolerability of three different doses of oral pimecrolimus in the treatment of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis: A randomized controlled trial

K. Wolff, C. Fleming, J. Hanifin, K. Papp, S. Reitamo, M. Rustinn, N. Shear, W. Silny, N. Korman, I. Marks, R. Cherill, S. Emady-Azar, Carle Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Adult atopic dermatitis (AD) can seriously affect quality of life of patients and their families, and patients' disease is frequently not satisfactorily controlled with topical therapy. There is a need for alternatives to topical treatment in patients with moderate to severe AD. Objectives: To investigate the efficacy and safety of oral pimecrolimus, and to determine the response to three different doses in the treatment of AD. Methods: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-finding study, patients with moderate to severe AD were randomized to receive either placebo, or oral pimecrolimus 10, 20 or 30 mg twice daily. The study consisted of a pre-treatment phase, a 12-week double-blind treatment phase, and a 12-week post-treatment phase. Results: In total, 103 patients were randomized. A clear, dose-dependent therapeutic effect of pimecrolimus treatment was observed, with a statistically significant onset of efficacy at week 2 and the greatest reduction from baseline of the Eczema Area and Severity Index of 66-6% at week 7 in the 30 mg twice daily dose group. Oral pimecrolimus was well tolerated and there were no signs of nephrotoxicity or the induction of hypertension. Conclusions: These data demonstrate the clinically relevant efficacy and short-term safety of oral pimecrolimus in adults with moderate to severe AD. Longer-term studies in larger cohorts are now required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1296-1303
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume152
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Pimecrolimus
  • Randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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