Efficacy and safety of two incobotulinumtoxinA injection intervals in cervical dystonia patients with inadequate benefit from standard injection intervals of botulinum toxin: Phase 4, open-label, randomized, noninferiority study

Cynthia Comella, Robert A. Hauser, Stuart H. Isaacson, Daniel Truong, Odinachi Oguh, Jennifer Hui, Eric S. Molho, Matthew Brodsky, Erin Furr-Stimming, Georg Comes, Michael A. Hast, David Charles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Some patients with cervical dystonia (CD) receiving long-term botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) therapy report early waning of treatment benefit before the typical 12-week reinjection interval. Methods: This phase 4, open-label, randomized, noninferiority study (CD Flex; NCT01486264) compared 2 incobotulinumtoxinA injection schedules (Short Flex: 8 ± 2 weeks; Long Flex: 14 ± 2 weeks) in CD patients. Previous BoNT-responsive subjects who reported acceptable clinical benefit lasting < 10 weeks were recruited. Efficacy and safety were evaluated after 8 injection cycles. The primary endpoint was change in Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS) severity subscale 4 weeks after the eighth injection. Secondary endpoints included TWSTRS total and subscale scores. Immunogenicity was assessed in a subset of patients. Results: Two hundred eighty-two CD patients were randomized and treated (Short Flex, N = 142; Long Flex, N = 140), and 207 completed the study. Significant improvements in TWSTRS severity from study baseline to 4 weeks after cycle 8 were observed in both the Short Flex (4.1 points; P < 0.0001) and Long Flex (2.4 points; P = 0.002) groups; Short Flex was noninferior to Long Flex (LS mean difference = 1.4 points; 95% CI = [−2.9, 0.1] < Δ = 2.0). Key secondary endpoints favored Short Flex intervals. Adverse events (AEs) were comparable between groups. There was no secondary loss of treatment effect. Conclusion: Injection cycles < 10 weeks for incobotulinumtoxinA are effective (and noninferior to longer intervals) for treating CD patients with early waning of clinical benefit. Shorter injection intervals did not increase AEs or lead to loss of treatment effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100142
JournalClinical Parkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BoNT
  • Botulinum toxin
  • Cervical dystonia
  • IncobotulinumtoxinA
  • Movement disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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