Effects of traumatic brain injury on sleep and enlarged perivascular spaces

Ryan A. Opel, Alison Christy, Erin Boespflug, Kristianna Weymann, Brendan Case, Jeffrey Pollock, Lisa Silbert, Miranda Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Clearance of perivascular wastes in the brain may be critical to the pathogenesis of amyloidopathies. Enlarged perivascular spaces (ePVS) on MRI have also been associated with amyloidopathies, suggesting that there may be a mechanistic link between ePVS and impaired clearance. Sleep and traumatic brain injury (TBI) both modulate clearance of amyloid-beta through glymphatic function. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the relationship between sleep, TBI, and ePVS on brain MRI. A retrospective study was performed in individuals with overnight polysomnography and 3T brain MRI consented from a single site (n = 38). Thirteen of these individuals had a medically confirmed history of TBI. ePVS were visually assessed by blinded experimenters and analyzed in conjunction with sleep metrics and TBI status. Overall, individuals with shorter total sleep time had significantly higher ePVS burden. Furthermore, individuals with TBI showed a stronger relationship between sleep and ePVS compared to the non-TBI group. These results support the hypothesis that ePVS may be modulated by sleep and TBI, and may have implications for the role of the glymphatic system in ePVS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Sleep
Brain
Polysomnography
Amyloid
Brain Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury
Retrospective Studies

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • brain trauma
  • glymphatic system
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • sleep disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Effects of traumatic brain injury on sleep and enlarged perivascular spaces",
abstract = "Clearance of perivascular wastes in the brain may be critical to the pathogenesis of amyloidopathies. Enlarged perivascular spaces (ePVS) on MRI have also been associated with amyloidopathies, suggesting that there may be a mechanistic link between ePVS and impaired clearance. Sleep and traumatic brain injury (TBI) both modulate clearance of amyloid-beta through glymphatic function. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the relationship between sleep, TBI, and ePVS on brain MRI. A retrospective study was performed in individuals with overnight polysomnography and 3T brain MRI consented from a single site (n = 38). Thirteen of these individuals had a medically confirmed history of TBI. ePVS were visually assessed by blinded experimenters and analyzed in conjunction with sleep metrics and TBI status. Overall, individuals with shorter total sleep time had significantly higher ePVS burden. Furthermore, individuals with TBI showed a stronger relationship between sleep and ePVS compared to the non-TBI group. These results support the hypothesis that ePVS may be modulated by sleep and TBI, and may have implications for the role of the glymphatic system in ePVS.",
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AU - Christy, Alison

AU - Boespflug, Erin

AU - Weymann, Kristianna

AU - Case, Brendan

AU - Pollock, Jeffrey

AU - Silbert, Lisa

AU - Lim, Miranda

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N2 - Clearance of perivascular wastes in the brain may be critical to the pathogenesis of amyloidopathies. Enlarged perivascular spaces (ePVS) on MRI have also been associated with amyloidopathies, suggesting that there may be a mechanistic link between ePVS and impaired clearance. Sleep and traumatic brain injury (TBI) both modulate clearance of amyloid-beta through glymphatic function. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the relationship between sleep, TBI, and ePVS on brain MRI. A retrospective study was performed in individuals with overnight polysomnography and 3T brain MRI consented from a single site (n = 38). Thirteen of these individuals had a medically confirmed history of TBI. ePVS were visually assessed by blinded experimenters and analyzed in conjunction with sleep metrics and TBI status. Overall, individuals with shorter total sleep time had significantly higher ePVS burden. Furthermore, individuals with TBI showed a stronger relationship between sleep and ePVS compared to the non-TBI group. These results support the hypothesis that ePVS may be modulated by sleep and TBI, and may have implications for the role of the glymphatic system in ePVS.

AB - Clearance of perivascular wastes in the brain may be critical to the pathogenesis of amyloidopathies. Enlarged perivascular spaces (ePVS) on MRI have also been associated with amyloidopathies, suggesting that there may be a mechanistic link between ePVS and impaired clearance. Sleep and traumatic brain injury (TBI) both modulate clearance of amyloid-beta through glymphatic function. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the relationship between sleep, TBI, and ePVS on brain MRI. A retrospective study was performed in individuals with overnight polysomnography and 3T brain MRI consented from a single site (n = 38). Thirteen of these individuals had a medically confirmed history of TBI. ePVS were visually assessed by blinded experimenters and analyzed in conjunction with sleep metrics and TBI status. Overall, individuals with shorter total sleep time had significantly higher ePVS burden. Furthermore, individuals with TBI showed a stronger relationship between sleep and ePVS compared to the non-TBI group. These results support the hypothesis that ePVS may be modulated by sleep and TBI, and may have implications for the role of the glymphatic system in ePVS.

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