Effects of the combination of a proteasome inhibitor (PSI) and an inhibitor of ubiquitin-ligases (Leu-Ala) on the ultrastructure of human leukemic U937 cells

P. Biały, H. Ziemba, E. Pleban, Cezary Wójcik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We have used the dipeptide Leu-Ala in an attempt to prevent the formation of ubiquitin-protein conjugates in U937 cells by inhibition of cellular E3 enzymes (ubiquitin ligases). Proteasome inhibitors induce the formation of perinuclear aggregates for ubiquitinated proteins and proteasomes (aggresomes) in the area of the proteolytic center of the cell. Leu-Ala did not prevent the formation of those aggregates under the action of PSI (peptidyl aldehyde, selective inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like activity of the proteasome), however it induced an accumulation of lipid droplets in treated cells, suggesting a previously unknown involvement of Leu-Ala in lipid metabolism. We conclude, that either Leu-Ala is not able to completely inhibit the cellular E3 enzymes or some of those enzymes are insensitive to this dipeptide, allowing therefore the build-up of ubiquitin-conjugates in the proteolytic centre of the cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-136
Number of pages2
JournalFolia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002



  • Aggresome
  • Leukemia
  • Lipid metabolism
  • Proteasome
  • Ubiquitin
  • Ubiquitin ligase
  • Ultrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

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