Effects of psychoactive and nonpsychoactive cannabinoids on the hypothalamic-pituitary axis of the adult male rat

Richard W. Steger, Laura L. Murphy, Andrzej Bartke, M. Susan Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The acute dose-response effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabinol (CBN) and cannabidiol (CBD) on gonadotropin and testosterone (T) secretion and on hypothalamic norepinephrine (NE) metabolism were tested in adult male rats. THC and CBN both produced an acute suppression of plasma-luteinizing hormone (LH) and T levels and median eminence NE turnover although a dose-response relationship could not be demonstrated. CBD had no significant effect on any of these parameters and none of these cannabinoids had any effect on plasma follicle-stimulating hormone levels or median eminence LH-releasing hormone (LHRH) content. Except for the highest dose of CBN, none of the in vivo cannabinoid treatments significantly altered in vitro LH secretion although there was a trend towards decreased LH secretion. These results suggest that the decrease in LH secretion in THC- or CBN-treated rats is due to reductions in NE stimulation of LHRH release rather than to changes in LHRH synthesis or pituitary LHRH response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-302
Number of pages4
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cannabidiol
  • Cannabinol
  • Hypothalamus
  • Luteinizing hormone
  • Norepinephrine
  • Pituitary
  • Testosterone
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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