Effects of psychoactive and nonpsychoactive cannabinoids on the hypothalamic-pituitary axis of the adult male rat

Richard W. Steger, Laura L. Murphy, Andrzej Bartke, M. Susan Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    19 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The acute dose-response effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabinol (CBN) and cannabidiol (CBD) on gonadotropin and testosterone (T) secretion and on hypothalamic norepinephrine (NE) metabolism were tested in adult male rats. THC and CBN both produced an acute suppression of plasma-luteinizing hormone (LH) and T levels and median eminence NE turnover although a dose-response relationship could not be demonstrated. CBD had no significant effect on any of these parameters and none of these cannabinoids had any effect on plasma follicle-stimulating hormone levels or median eminence LH-releasing hormone (LHRH) content. Except for the highest dose of CBN, none of the in vivo cannabinoid treatments significantly altered in vitro LH secretion although there was a trend towards decreased LH secretion. These results suggest that the decrease in LH secretion in THC- or CBN-treated rats is due to reductions in NE stimulation of LHRH release rather than to changes in LHRH synthesis or pituitary LHRH response.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)299-302
    Number of pages4
    JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
    Volume37
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1990

    Keywords

    • Cannabidiol
    • Cannabinol
    • Hypothalamus
    • Luteinizing hormone
    • Norepinephrine
    • Pituitary
    • Testosterone
    • Tetrahydrocannabinol

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Toxicology
    • Pharmacology
    • Clinical Biochemistry
    • Biological Psychiatry
    • Behavioral Neuroscience

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