Effects of genetic and procedural variation on measurement of alcohol sensitivity in mouse inbred strains

John Jr Crabbe, Pamela Metten, Igor Ponomarev, Carol A. Prescott, Douglas Wahlsten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mice from eight inbred strains were studied for their acute sensitivity to ethanol as indexed by the degree of hypothermia (HT), indexed as the reduction from pre-injection baseline of their body temperature. Two weeks later, mice were tested for their loss of righting reflex (LRR) after a higher dose of ethanol. The LRR was tested using the "classical" method of watching for recovery in animals placed on their backs in a V-shaped trough and recording duration of LRR. In a separate test, naive animals of the same strains were tested for HT repeatedly to assess the development of rapid (RTOL) and chronic tolerance (CTOL). We have recently developed a new method for testing LRR that leads to a substantial increase in the sensitivity of the test. Strains also have been found to differ in the new LRR test, as well as in the development of acute functional tolerance (AFT) to this response. In addition, our laboratory has periodically published strain difference data on the older versions of the HT and LRR responses. The earlier tests used some of the exact substrains tested currently, while for some strains, different substrains (usually, Nih versus Jax) were tested. We examined correlations of strain means to see whether patterns of strain differences were stable across time and across different test variants assessing the same behavioral construct. HT strain sensitivity scores were generally highly correlated across a 10-23 years period and test variants. The CTOL to HT was well-correlated across studies, and was also genetically similar to RTOL. The AFT, however, was related to neither RTOL nor CTOL, although this may be because different phenotypic end points were compared. The LRR data, which included a variant of the classical test, were not as stable. Measures of LRR onset were reasonably well correlated, as were those taken at recovery (e.g., duration). However, the two types of measures of LRR sensitivity to ethanol appear to be tapping traits that differ genetically. Also, the pattern of genetic correlation between HT and LRR initially reported in 1983 was not seen in current and contemporaneous studies. In certain instances, substrain seems to matter little, while in others, substrains differed a great deal. These data are generally encouraging about the stability of genetic differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)536-552
Number of pages17
JournalBehavior Genetics
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Fingerprint

Righting Reflex
Inbred Strains Mice
reflexes
alcohol
alcohols
Alcohols
hypothermia
mice
Hypothermia
tolerance
testing
ethanol
strain differences
Ethanol
effect
loss
genetic stability
animal tests
duration
body temperature

Keywords

  • Acute tolerance
  • Chronic tolerance
  • Ethanol
  • Hypothermia
  • Inbred mouse strains
  • Loss of righting reflex
  • Pharmacogenetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Effects of genetic and procedural variation on measurement of alcohol sensitivity in mouse inbred strains. / Crabbe, John Jr; Metten, Pamela; Ponomarev, Igor; Prescott, Carol A.; Wahlsten, Douglas.

In: Behavior Genetics, Vol. 36, No. 4, 07.2006, p. 536-552.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crabbe, John Jr ; Metten, Pamela ; Ponomarev, Igor ; Prescott, Carol A. ; Wahlsten, Douglas. / Effects of genetic and procedural variation on measurement of alcohol sensitivity in mouse inbred strains. In: Behavior Genetics. 2006 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 536-552.
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