Effects of gd-dtpa after osmotic bbb disruption in a rodent model: Toxicity and mr findings

Simon M. Roman-Goldstein, Peggy A. Barnett, Christopher I. McCormick, Jerzy Szumowski, Eva Marie Shannon, Fred L. Ramsey, Michele Mass, Edward A. Neuwelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This experiment was done to evaluate the gross neurotoxicity of intravenous Gd-DTPA administered in conjunction with osmotic blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption and to image a human small cell lung carcinoma intracerebral tumor xenograft before and after osmotic BBB disruption. Materials and Methods: Neurotoxicity studies were performed in normal Sprague-Dawley rats following osmotic BBB disruption by the injection of 25% mannitol in the right internal carotid artery and intravenous administration of Gd-DTPA (n = 10). Animals were observed for major neurologic changes such as seizure or substantial motor defects, and after death neuropathologic examination was performed. Human small cell lung carcinoma cells were implanted intracerebrally in athymic nude rats (n = 4). Gadopentetate dimeglu- mine was injected intravenously and serial Tl-weighted images were obtained. Blood-brain barrier disruption was produced in each animal, followed by a second dose of intravenous Gd-DTPA, and imaging studies were repeated. Results: No gross neurologic toxicity was observed. Tumors showed dense enhancement in a small area, and BBB disruption resulted in marked enhancement in most of the gray matter of the right cerebral hemisphere. Conclusion: Gadopentetate dimeglumine appears to be safe in doses up to 21 mmol/m2 in conjunction with barrier disruption in rats. A human small cell lung carcinoma intracerebral xenograft provides a useful method to study brain tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)731-736
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • Animal studies
  • Blood brain barrier
  • Gd-DTPA
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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