Effects of free fatty acids, ethanol and development on γ-aminobutyric acid and glutamate fluxes in rat nerve endings

Robert Hitzemann, Cynthia Mark, Aruna Panini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of type A (cis-unsaturated) and type B (trans-unsaturated and saturated) fatty acids, 1% and 3% ethanol (v/v), and development (7 days) on the thermodynamics of glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transport into cortical rat brain nerve endings were examined. The effects of the various manipulations, which are known to affect membrane fluidity, may be summarized. Three percent ethanol and oleic acid increased ΔS° and ΔS for glutamate transport and decreased ΔH° and ΔH. Type B fatty acids had the opposite effects. In comparison to glutamate transport, GABA transport was less affected by the various manipulations and showed less specificity in terms of the fatty acid effects. Similarly, the effects of development on the thermodynamic parameters for glutamate and GABA transport were not consistent. Glutamate transport into 7-day nerve endings showed thermodynamic behavior similar to that seen when type A fatty acids were incorporated into adult nerve endings. In contrast, GABA transport into 7-day nerve endings had the character of adult nerve endings into which type B fatty acids were incorporated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4039-4044
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume31
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

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