COX-2-derived prostaglandins (PG) have been suggested to be important modulators of renin release and expression. However, the role of COX-2 in various high-renin states is still being debated. In the present studies we explored the role of COX-2-derived PG on basal and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)-stimulated plasma and renal renin concentrations (PRC and RRC, RIA), and mRNA expression (RmRNA, RNAse protection assay) in experimental diabetes (DM). Groups of moderately hyperglycemic (n = 5, ∼350 mg/dl), streptozotocin-diabetic rats (D) after 3 weeks of DM were treated with a selective COX-2 inhibitor, MF-tricyclic (MF, 5 mg/kg/day for 10 days in food), the combination of MF and the ACEI enalapril (3 mg/kg/day), enalapril alone, or vehicle (MF-free chow), for 10 days. Non-diabetic control rats, fed MF-free chow, were also studied. All groups of diabetic rats demonstrated similar glycemic control. Treatment with ACEI resulted in significant elevations in PRC, RRC and RmRNA as compared to non-ACEI treated groups of diabetic and control rats. A similar rise in these parameters was observed in the rats treated with the combination of ACEI and MF. Furthermore, in diabetic rats treated with MF alone, PRC and RRC were similar to vehicle-treated animals. Diabetic rats demonstrated higher urinary PG as compared to controls. MF-treated rats demonstrated a significant reduction in urinary PG excretion. In summary, selective COX-2 inhibition influenced neither basal renin status nor ACEI-induced renin release and expression in diabetic rats. These findings do not support a significant role for COX-2 in mediating renin status in diabetes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine