Effects of citalopram on serotonin and CRF systems in the midbrain of primates with differences in stress sensitivity

Cynthia Bethea, Fernanda B. Lima, Maria L. Centeno, Karin V. Weissheimer, Olga Senashova, Arubala Reddy, Judy L. Cameron

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This chapter reviews the neurobiological effects of stress sensitivity and s-citalpram (CIT) treatment observed in our nonhuman primate model of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA). This type of infertility, also known as stress-induced amenorrhea, is exhibited by cynomolgus macaques. In small populations, some individuals are stress-sensitive (SS) and others are highly stress-resilient (HSR). The SS macaques have suboptimal secretion of estrogen and progesterone during normal menstrual cycles. SS monkeys also have decreased serotonin gene expression and increased CRF expression compared to HSR monkeys. Recently, we found that CIT treatment improved ovarian steroid secretion in SS monkeys, but had no effect in HSR monkeys. Examination of the serotonin system revealed that SS monkeys had significantly lower Fev (fifth Ewing variant, rodent Pet1), TPH2 (tryptophan hydroxylase 2), 5HT1A autoreceptor and SERT (serotonin reuptake transporter) expression in the dorsal raphe than SR monkeys. However, CIT did not alter the expression of either Fev, TPH2, SERT or 5HT1A mRNAs. In contrast, SS monkeys tended to have a higher density of CRF fiber innervation of the dorsal raphe than HSR monkeys, and CIT significantly decreased the CRF fiber density in SS animals. In addition, CIT increased CRF-R2 gene expression in the dorsal raphe. We speculate that in a 15-week time frame, the therapeutic effect of S-citalopram may be achieved through a mechanism involving extracellular serotonin inhibition of CRF and stimulation of CRF-R2, rather than alteration of serotonin-related gene expression.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)200-218
    Number of pages19
    JournalJournal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
    Volume41
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2011

    Fingerprint

    Citalopram
    Mesencephalon
    Primates
    Haplorhini
    Serotonin
    Tryptophan Hydroxylase
    Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
    Amenorrhea
    Macaca
    Gene Expression
    Autoreceptors
    Therapeutic Uses
    Menstrual Cycle
    Infertility
    Progesterone
    Rodentia
    Estrogens
    Steroids
    Messenger RNA

    Keywords

    • 5HT1A
    • Corticotropin releasing factor
    • CRF-R2
    • Fev
    • Macaques
    • SLC6A4
    • TPH2
    • Urocortin

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

    Cite this

    Effects of citalopram on serotonin and CRF systems in the midbrain of primates with differences in stress sensitivity. / Bethea, Cynthia; Lima, Fernanda B.; Centeno, Maria L.; Weissheimer, Karin V.; Senashova, Olga; Reddy, Arubala; Cameron, Judy L.

    In: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, Vol. 41, No. 4, 07.2011, p. 200-218.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Bethea, Cynthia ; Lima, Fernanda B. ; Centeno, Maria L. ; Weissheimer, Karin V. ; Senashova, Olga ; Reddy, Arubala ; Cameron, Judy L. / Effects of citalopram on serotonin and CRF systems in the midbrain of primates with differences in stress sensitivity. In: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2011 ; Vol. 41, No. 4. pp. 200-218.
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