Effects of anti-B7 monoclonal antibodies on humoral immune responses

David I. Daikh, David Wofsy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The costimulatory interaction between CD28 on T cells and B7-related molecules on antigen presenting cells plays an important role in a broad range of functions of the immune system, including protective immunity, tolerance induction, allograft rejection, and the development of autoimmune diseases. Monoclonal antibodies to B7-1 and B7-2 have been used in vivo to examine the mechanisms underlying these processes and to evaluate costimulation antagonism as an approach to treatment of chronic autoimmune diseases. To determine whether anti-B7 mAb might elicit, or inhibit, a host immune response that could influence the effects of these antibodies in vivo, we assessed the immune response to rat anti-B7-1 and anti-B7-2 mAb in healthy (BALB/c) mice and in lupus-prone NZB/NZW F1 (B/W) mice. In BALB/c mice, low doses (1-10 μg) of mAb to B7-1 and mAb to B7-2 elicited brisk immune responses that occurred earlier and were significantly greater than the immune response to an isotype-matched control rat mAb to ovalbumin. In contrast, at higher doses (100-500 μg), both anti-B7 mAb, but not the control mAb, blocked the mouse anti-rat response. No such blockade occurred in B/W mice, who generated a significant mouse anti-rat response even at very high doses of anti-B7 mAb (1,000-4,000 μg). Blockade of the immune response to the anti-B7 mAb in BALB/c mice apparently did not reflect generalized immune suppression, because high doses of these mAb had little, if any effect on the humoral immune response to another antigen. These findings indicate that: (1) mAb to B7-1 and B7-2 can elicit either a potent immune response or no immune response at all depending upon the dose administered; (2) blockade of the immune response to anti-B7 mAb may be more difficult in the setting of autoimmunity; and (3) neither anti-B7-1 nor anti-B7-2 causes generalized suppression of humoral immunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoimmunity
  • Cellular activation
  • Costimulatory molecules
  • In vivo animal models
  • T lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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