Effectiveness of Community Health Workers in the Care of People with Hypertension

J. Nell Brownstein, Farah M. Chowdhury, Susan L. Norris, Tanya Horsley, Leonard Jack, Xuanping Zhang, Dawn Satterfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

145 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The contributions of community health workers (CHWs) in the delivery of culturally relevant programs for hypertension control have been studied since the 1970s. This systematic review examines the effectiveness of CHWs in supporting the care of people with hypertension. Methods: Computerized searches were conducted of multiple bibliographic electronic databases from their inception until May 2006. No restrictions were applied for language or study design, and studies were restricted to those that reported at least one outcome among participants. Results: Fourteen studies were identified, including eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Many of the studies focused on poor, urban African Americans. Significant improvements in controlling blood pressure were reported in seven of the eight RCTs. Several studies reported significant improvements in participants' self-management behaviors, including appointment keeping and adherence to antihypertensive medications. Four studies reported positive changes in healthcare utilization and in systems outcomes. Two of the RCTs showed significant improvements in other patient outcomes, such as changes in heart mass and risk of CVD. Conclusions: Community health workers may have an important impact on the self-management of hypertension. Programs involving CHWs as multidisciplinary team members hold promise, particularly for diverse racial/ethnic populations that are under-served.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-447
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

Fingerprint

Hypertension
Randomized Controlled Trials
Self Care
Bibliographic Databases
African Americans
Antihypertensive Agents
Appointments and Schedules
Language
Blood Pressure
Delivery of Health Care
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Brownstein, J. N., Chowdhury, F. M., Norris, S. L., Horsley, T., Jack, L., Zhang, X., & Satterfield, D. (2007). Effectiveness of Community Health Workers in the Care of People with Hypertension. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(5), 435-447. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2007.01.011

Effectiveness of Community Health Workers in the Care of People with Hypertension. / Brownstein, J. Nell; Chowdhury, Farah M.; Norris, Susan L.; Horsley, Tanya; Jack, Leonard; Zhang, Xuanping; Satterfield, Dawn.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 32, No. 5, 05.2007, p. 435-447.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brownstein, JN, Chowdhury, FM, Norris, SL, Horsley, T, Jack, L, Zhang, X & Satterfield, D 2007, 'Effectiveness of Community Health Workers in the Care of People with Hypertension', American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 435-447. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2007.01.011
Brownstein, J. Nell ; Chowdhury, Farah M. ; Norris, Susan L. ; Horsley, Tanya ; Jack, Leonard ; Zhang, Xuanping ; Satterfield, Dawn. / Effectiveness of Community Health Workers in the Care of People with Hypertension. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2007 ; Vol. 32, No. 5. pp. 435-447.
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