Allogeneic transplantation is the only curative treatment for Fanconi anaemia (FA) patients who develop myeloid malignancies. Dose-intensive preparative regimens, to decrease disease recurrence, lead to unacceptable transplant-related toxicity in FA. We report the outcome of three FA patients with such malignancies who underwent transplantation with reduced-intensity preparative regimens. This approach was well tolerated, even as second transplantations, and resulted in complete leukaemic remissions. However, the graft-versus-leukaemia effect was associated with fatal graft-versus-host disease. Even after transplantation, myeloid malignancies remain associated with a poor outcome in FA. and this argues in favour of early intervention when suitable donors are available.
- Acute leukaemia
- Allogeneic stem cell transplantation
- Fanconi anaemia
- Graft-versus-leukaemia effect
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