Effect of thermostable mutations on the neurotensin receptor 1 (NTSR1) activation state

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurotensin (NTS) is a 13-amino acid neuropeptide with neuroendocrine and vasoactive functions that is widely expressed in the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. NTS is sensed by a multiple cell surface proteins including two G protein-coupling receptors (GPCRs): NTS receptors 1 and 2 (NTSR1 and NTSR2). Crystal structures of NTSR1 have successfully elucidated agonist binding within the orthosteric pocket of receptor but have not revealed the full activation state of the receptor. Recent studies have attempted to address this challenge by improving NTSR1 crystal formation via thermostable mutants; unfortunately, these mutations exhibit functional defects in the G protein coupling of NTSR1. Here, we have used molecular dynamics simulations to gain greater insights into how the amino acid substitutions used in these thermostable mutants (E166A, L310A and F358A) impact receptor activation. Our simulations indicate that wild-type NTSR1 in complex with NTS8-13 shows more active-like features including a 17.7 Å shift in TM6, reflecting a network of polar and aromatic interactions orchestrating agonist-induced receptor conformational changes. We also provide evidence indicating that F358 is a precursor to the rotamer change observed in W321, and our collective analysis also suggests that mutations E166A and F358A are less impactful to G protein coupling than L310A. Furthermore, we believe that our findings can be used to design future NTSR1 mutants that do not interfere with agonist-induced conformational changes and downstream G protein coupling and thus produce structures that will allow visualization of the fully activated receptor conformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-353
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2020

Keywords

  • GPCR
  • NTSR
  • molecular dynamics
  • receptor activation
  • thermostable mutant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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