Effect of sulfhydryl reagents and protease inhibitors on sodium dodecyl sulfate-heat induced dissociation of Ricinus communis agglutinin

Daniel Cawley, L. L. Houston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ricinus communis agglutinin dissociated to lower molecular weight forms when heated in sodium dodecyl sulfate in the absence of reducing agents, while ricin was little affected by such treatment. The data suggest that strong noncovalent bonds hold together two A-B heterodimers in the Ricinus communis agglutinin tetramer. Protease inhibitors such as diisopropylfluorophosphate, phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, and EDTA, did not prevent the sodium dodecyl sulfate-heat induced dissociation; however, sulfhydryl specific reagents (N-ethylmaleimide, 5,5′-dithiobis (2-nitrobenzoic acid) and p-chloromercuribenzoate) were effective. Titration of the lectins in sodium dodecyl sulfate indicated that ricin contains one sulfhydryl and Ricinus communis agglutinin four sulfhydryl groups, none of which react in the presence of 8 M urea. The sulfhydryl groups that could be titrated in the intact proteins in sodium dodecyl sulfate were on the A chains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-62
Number of pages12
JournalBBA - Protein Structure
Volume581
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 23 1979
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sulfhydryl Reagents
Protease Inhibitors
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Hot Temperature
Ricin
4-nitrobenzoic acid
Phenylmethylsulfonyl Fluoride
Chloromercuribenzoates
Isoflurophate
Ethylmaleimide
Reducing Agents
Titration
Lectins
Edetic Acid
Urea
Molecular Weight
Molecular weight
Ricinus communis agglutinin-1
Proteins

Keywords

  • (Ricinus communis)
  • Agglutinin
  • Ricin
  • Sodium dodecyl sulfate denaturation
  • Sulfhydryl group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Effect of sulfhydryl reagents and protease inhibitors on sodium dodecyl sulfate-heat induced dissociation of Ricinus communis agglutinin. / Cawley, Daniel; Houston, L. L.

In: BBA - Protein Structure, Vol. 581, No. 1, 23.11.1979, p. 51-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Ricinus communis agglutinin dissociated to lower molecular weight forms when heated in sodium dodecyl sulfate in the absence of reducing agents, while ricin was little affected by such treatment. The data suggest that strong noncovalent bonds hold together two A-B heterodimers in the Ricinus communis agglutinin tetramer. Protease inhibitors such as diisopropylfluorophosphate, phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, and EDTA, did not prevent the sodium dodecyl sulfate-heat induced dissociation; however, sulfhydryl specific reagents (N-ethylmaleimide, 5,5′-dithiobis (2-nitrobenzoic acid) and p-chloromercuribenzoate) were effective. Titration of the lectins in sodium dodecyl sulfate indicated that ricin contains one sulfhydryl and Ricinus communis agglutinin four sulfhydryl groups, none of which react in the presence of 8 M urea. The sulfhydryl groups that could be titrated in the intact proteins in sodium dodecyl sulfate were on the A chains.

AB - Ricinus communis agglutinin dissociated to lower molecular weight forms when heated in sodium dodecyl sulfate in the absence of reducing agents, while ricin was little affected by such treatment. The data suggest that strong noncovalent bonds hold together two A-B heterodimers in the Ricinus communis agglutinin tetramer. Protease inhibitors such as diisopropylfluorophosphate, phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, and EDTA, did not prevent the sodium dodecyl sulfate-heat induced dissociation; however, sulfhydryl specific reagents (N-ethylmaleimide, 5,5′-dithiobis (2-nitrobenzoic acid) and p-chloromercuribenzoate) were effective. Titration of the lectins in sodium dodecyl sulfate indicated that ricin contains one sulfhydryl and Ricinus communis agglutinin four sulfhydryl groups, none of which react in the presence of 8 M urea. The sulfhydryl groups that could be titrated in the intact proteins in sodium dodecyl sulfate were on the A chains.

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