Objective: The objective of this study was to define a normal range of distal graft velocity (DGV) and peak systolic velocity (PSV) on the basis of outflow level and maximum graft diameter for infrainguinal reversed vein bypass grafting (RVG). Methods: This study was designed as a prospective study of consecutive patients who underwent infrainguinal RVG from 1994 to 1997 in a university hospital and university-affiliated teaching hospital. All patients who underwent infrainguinal bypass grafting from 1994 to 1997 were placed in a prospective protocol with duplex scanning to better define the hemodynamics of normally functioning RVG. Graft revisions were performed for patients with velocity ratios of more than 2.5. One hundred twenty-one patients were entered into this protocol, and 114 were followed more than 3 months after RVG. Seven patients were excluded: five for death within 3 months, one for graft infection, and one for graft occlusion before the baseline duplex scanning. DGV and PSV were determined for each type of outflow (popliteal, crural, and pedal) and for ranges of maximum graft diameter. These then were correlated with subsequent graft occlusion or graft revision (graft failure). Results: Grafts with larger diameters were associated with lower DGVs (P <.001), and more proximal outflow arteries were associated with higher DGVs (popliteal, 75 cm/s; crural, 50 cm/s; and pedal, 40 cm/s; P <.01). The mean PSVs were 150, 140, and 122 cm/s for popliteal, crural, and pedal grafts, respectively, but the difference was not statistically significant. The assisted primary patency rates for the grafts in this series were 99%, 92%, and 92% at 1, 2, and 3 years. Conclusion: Graft diameter and location of the distal anastomosis significantly affect the flow velocity in RVG. Other variables did not influence these parameters. Currently established criteria for arteriography or graft repair on the basis of graft velocity parameters may be improved if they can be modified depending on diameter and outflow.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine