Effect of gestational weight gain on perinatal outcomes in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus using the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines

Lynn M. Yee, Yvonne W. Cheng, Maribeth Inturrisi, Aaron B. Caughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We sought to examine associations between gestational weight gain according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines and perinatal outcomes in overweight/obese women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Study Design: This is a retrospective cohort study of 2310 women with T2DM enrolled in the California Diabetes and Pregnancy Program. Gestational weight gain was categorized by 2009 IOM guidelines. Perinatal outcomes were assessed using the χ2 test and multivariable logistic regression analysis. Results: With excessive gestational weight gain, the odds of having large-for-gestational age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.333.00) or macrosomic (aOR, 2.59; 95% CI, 1.564.30) neonates and cesarean delivery (aOR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.032.10) was higher. Women with excessive gestational weight gain per week had increased odds of preterm delivery (aOR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.112.20). Conclusion: In overweight or obese women with T2DM, gestational weight gain greater than the revised IOM guidelines was associated with higher odds of perinatal morbidity, suggesting these guidelines are applicable to a diabetic population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257.e1-257.e6
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume205
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • gestational weight gain
  • perinatal outcomes
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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