Effect of early nutritional support on intensive care unit length of stay and neurological status at discharge in children with severe traumatic brain injury

Asma A. Taha, Lina Badr, Cheryl Westlake, Vivien Dee, Mathur Mudit, Kathyrne L. Tiras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pediatric severe traumatic brain injury treatment guidelines for nutrition indicate that "there are insufficient data to support a treatment guideline for this topic" (P. D. Adelson et al., 2003). Based on adult studies, the guideline provided an option for practitioners to start nutritional support within 72 hours of admission and full replacement by day 7. This retrospective, descriptive correlation study examined the timing of nutritional supplement initiation and the timing of achieving full caloric intake in relation to length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit (ICU) and patient disposition status at discharge from hospital in children 8Y18 years old. Median time to initiation of nutrition was 1.5 days (0.02Y11.9 days), and full caloric goals were achieved in 3.4 days (0.5Y19.6 days). Median ICU LOS was 2.1 days (0.01Y97.9 days). Overall, 48% of patients were discharged home; 28% experienced mild, moderate, or severe disability; and 24% either died or survived in a vegetative state. Early initiation and achieving full caloric intake were both positively correlated with shorter LOS in the ICU (p G .01, Spearman's rho correlational matrix) and better disposition status at discharge from the hospital (p G .05, KruskalYWallis test).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-297
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Nursing
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Medical–Surgical

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