Effect of diisocyanate isomer composition on properties and morphology of polyurethanes based on 4,4′-dicyclohexyl methane diisocyanate and mixed macrodiols (PDMS-PHMO)

Raju Adhikari, Pathiraja A. Gunatillake, Gordon F. Meijs, Simon J. Mccarthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three series of polyurethanes were prepared having 42 wt % hard segments based on 4,4′-dicyclohexyl methane diisocyanate (H12MDI) with trans,trans isomer contents in the 13 to 95 mol % range and 1,4-butanediol chain extender. The soft segments were based on macrodiols poly(hexamethylene oxide) (PHMO, MW 696), α,ω-bishydroxyethoxypropyl polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS, MW 940), and two mixed macrodiol compositions consisting of 80 and 20% (w/w) PDMS. H12MDI with 35, 85, and 95% trans,trans isomer contents were obtained from commercial H12MDI (13% trans,trans) by fractional crystallization, and all polyurethanes were prepared by a one-step bulk polymerization procedure. The polyurethanes based on the commercial diisocyanate-produced materials soluble in DMF with molecular weights in the 53,655-75,300 range and generally yielded clear and transparent materials. The polyurethanes based on H12MDI with trans,trans contents of 35% or higher yielded materials insoluble in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and were generally opaque. Mechanical properties, such as tensile strength and elongation at break, decreased with increasing trans,trans content, while the Young's modulus and Shore hardness increased. The polyurethanes based on mixed macrodiols yielded higher tensile properties than those of materials based on individual macrodiols. The best mechanical properties were observed for a polyurethane consisting of a soft segment based on PDMS-PHMO (80/20) and a hard segment based on commercial H12MDI and BDO. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were employed to characterize the polyurethane morphology. DSC results confirmed that the polyurethanes based on H12MDI with high trans,trans isomer were very highly phase separated, exhibiting characteristic hard segment melting endotherms as high as 255 °C. The other materials were generally phase mixed. FTIR spectroscopy results corroborated DSC results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)573-582
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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