Effect of different photoinitiators and reducing agents on cure efficiency and color stability of resin-based composites using different LED wavelengths

Dayane Carvalho Ramos Salles De Oliveira, Mateus Garcia Rocha, Alexandre Gatti, Americo Bortolazzo Correr, Jack Ferracane, Mario Alexandre Coelho Sinhoret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the effect of photoinitiators and reducing agents on cure efficiency and color stability of resin-based composites using different LED wavelengths. Methods Model resin-based composites were associated with diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) phosphine oxide (TPO), phenylbis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) phosphine oxide (BAPO) or camphorquinone (CQ) associated with 2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA), ethyl 4-(dimethyamino) benzoate (EDMAB) or 4-(N,N-dimethylamino) phenethyl alcohol (DMPOH). A narrow (Smartlite, Dentisply) and a broad spectrum (Bluephase G2, Ivoclar Vivadent) LEDs were used for photo-activation (20 J/cm2). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to evaluate the cure efficiency for each composite, and CIELab parameters to evaluated color stability (ΔE00) after aging. The UV-vis absorption spectrophotometric analysis of each photoinitiator and reducing agent was determined. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test for multiple comparisons (α = 0.05). Results Higher cure efficiency was found for type-I photoinitiators photo-activated with a broad spectrum light, and for CQ-systems with a narrow band spectrum light, except when combined with an aliphatic amine (DMAEMA). Also, when combined with aromatic amines (EDMAB and DMPOH), similar cure efficiency with both wavelength LEDs was found. TPO had no cure efficiency when light-cured exclusively with a blue narrowband spectrum. CQ-systems presented higher color stability than type-I photoinitiators, especially when combined with DMPOH. Conclusions After aging, CQ-based composites became more yellow and BAPO and TPO lighter and less yellow. However, CQ-systems presented higher color stability than type-I photoinitiators, as BAPO- and TPO-, despite their higher cure efficiency when photo-activated with corresponding wavelength range. Clinical Significance Color matching is initially important, but color change over time will be one of the major reasons for replacing esthetic restorations; despite the less yellowing of these alternative photoinitiators, camphorquinone presented higher color stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1565-1572
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Artificial accelerated aging
  • Color change
  • Degree of conversion
  • Key-words Light-curing
  • Light-curing unit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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