Effect of biofilm exposure on marginal integrity of composite restorations

Amanda M. Mushashe, Sarah A. de Almeida, Jack L. Ferracane, Justin Merritt, Giselle M. Correr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of bacterial exposure on the marginal integrity of dentin-resin interfaces for composites with and without bioactive glass (BAG). METHODS: Cavity preparations of 5 mm width and 1.5 mm depth were machined into dentin disks by means of a computer controlled milling system. After applying the bonding agent, cavity preparations (n=3-5) were restored by incremental technique with experimental resin composites (50:50 BisGMA/TEGDMA: 72wt% filler) with different filler compositions: control - 67 wt% silanated strontium glass and 5wt% aerosol-silica filler and BAG - 57 wt% silanated strontium glass and 15 wt% BAG-65 wt% silica. Samples were then stored in sterile Todd-Hewitt media or co-incubated with Streptococcus mutans (UA 159), at 37°C, 5% CO2 for 1-2 weeks. For samples co-incubated with a living biofilm, a luciferase assay was performed in order to assess its viability. Surfaces were impressed before and after each storage condition and replicas examined in a scanning electron microscope. Using image analysis software (Image J), the discontinuous margins percentage (%DM) was quantitatively assessed. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (α= 0.05). RESULTS: Gap size ranged between 7-23 µm. The bacterial exposure significantly increased the %DM in both groups predominantly due to the formation of new gap regions. There was no difference between control and BAG composites regarding %DM and the biofilm viability. Bacterial exposure promoted degradation of composite restoration marginal integrity, with no difference between composites with and without BAG. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The samples incubated with living biofilm had a higher gap percentage in the margins, confirming the negative effect of cariogenic bacteria on margin degradation. The parameters defined for such synergy can help to understand the multi-factorial aspect of marginal discontinuity and therefore, predict the behavior of composite restorations subjected to the challenging oral environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-205
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of dentistry
Volume33
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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