Effect of angiotensin II on the left ventricular function in a near-term fetal sheep with metabolic acidemia.

Ganesh Acharya, James C. Huhta, Mervi Haapsamo, Ole Jakob How, Tiina Erkinaro, Juha Räsänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that, in acute metabolic acidemia, the fetal left ventricle (LV) has the capacity to increase its contractility in response to angiotensin II infusion. Eleven ewes and their fetuses were instrumented at 127-138/145 days of gestation. The effect of angiotensin II on fetal LV function was assessed using intraventricular pressure catheter and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Angiotensin II increased fetal arterial blood pressure, whereas pH and pO(2) decreased. The heart rate and systemic venous pressure were not affected significantly. The LV end-diastolic and end-systolic pressures, as well as dP/dt(max), increased. The TDI-derived LV longitudinal myocardial isovolumic contraction velocity and its acceleration and velocity during early filling were higher than those at baseline. The incidence of absent isovolumic relaxation velocity was greater during angiotensin II infusion. In summary, during acute metabolic acidemia, the fetal left ventricle could increase its contractility in response to inotropic stimulus even in the presence of increased afterload. The diastolic LV function parameters were altered by angiotensin II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)634240
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of pregnancy
Volume2011
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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