ECRG2 inhibits cancer cell migration, invasion and metastasis through the down-regulation of uPA/plasmin activity

Ge Huang, Zhi Hu, Meining Li, Yongping Cui, Yuanyuan Li, Liping Guo, Wei Jiang, Shih Hsin Lu

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Abstract

The esophageal cancer-related gene 2 (ECRG2) is a novel gene that shows sequence similarity to KAZAL-type serine protease inhibitor. In this study, the migration and invasion of PG cancer cells were inhibited by ectopic expression of ECRG2 in vitro, and metastases decreased after injecting PG/pcDNA3.1-ECRG2 cells into the tail veins of nude mice. Control mice were injected with PG/pcDNA3.1 cells. To test the hypothesis that ECRG2 interacts with proteases and inactivates extracellular matrix degradation, binding affinity and co-immunoprecipitation experiments were performed using serum-free conditioned medium. The results showed that ECRG2 bound to two species of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) with molecular weights of 55 and 33 kDa. Furthermore, analysis of the uPA/plasmin activity showed that expression of ECRG2 reduced proteolysis of the plasmin substrate D-Val-Phe-Lys-p-nitroanilide, which was seen by a decrease of absorbance at 405 nm. Taken together, these results suggested that ECRG2 inhibits aggressiveness of cancer cell, possibly through the down-regulation of uPA/plasmin activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2274-2281
Number of pages8
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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