ECG Marker of Adverse Electrical Remodeling Post-Myocardial Infarction Predicts Outcomes in MADIT II Study

Larisa Tereshchenko, Scott McNitt, Lichy Han, Ronald D. Berger, Wojciech Zareba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Post-myocardial infarction (MI) structural remodeling is characterized by left ventricular dilatation, fibrosis, and hypertrophy of the non-infarcted myocardium. Objective: The goal of our study was to quantify post-MI electrical remodeling by measuring the sum absolute QRST integral (SAI QRST). We hypothesized that adverse electrical remodeling predicts outcomes in MADIT II study participants. Methods: Baseline orthogonal ECGs of 750 MADIT II study participants (448 [59.7%] ICD arm) were analyzed. SAI QRST was measured as the arithmetic sum of absolute QRST integrals over all three orthogonal ECG leads. The primary endpoint was defined as sudden cardiac death (SCD) or sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) with appropriate ICD therapies. All-cause mortality served as a secondary endpoint. Results: Adverse electrical remodeling in post-MI patients was characterized by wide QRS, increased magnitudes of spatial QRS and T vectors, J-point deviation, and QTc prolongation. In multivariable Cox regression analysis after adjustment for age, QRS duration, atrial fibrillation, New York Heart Association heart failure class and blood urea nitrogen, SAI QRST predicted SCD/VT/VF (HR 1.33 per 100 mV*ms (95%CI 1.11-1.59); P = 0.002), and all-cause death (HR 1.27 per 100 mV*ms (95%CI 1.03-1.55), P = 0.022) in both arms. No interaction with therapy arm and bundle branch block (BBB) status was found. Conclusions: In MADIT II patients, increased SAI QRST is associated with increased risk of sustained VT/VF with appropriate ICD therapies and all-cause death in both ICD and in conventional medical therapy arms, and in patients with and without BBB. Further studies of SAI QRST are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere51812
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Atrial Remodeling
myocardial infarction
Electrocardiography
Ventricular Fibrillation
Ventricular Tachycardia
Myocardial Infarction
death
therapeutics
Bundle-Branch Block
Sudden Cardiac Death
endpoints
Regression analysis
Urea
Cause of Death
Blood
Nitrogen
Blood Urea Nitrogen
heart failure
Therapeutics
myocardium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

ECG Marker of Adverse Electrical Remodeling Post-Myocardial Infarction Predicts Outcomes in MADIT II Study. / Tereshchenko, Larisa; McNitt, Scott; Han, Lichy; Berger, Ronald D.; Zareba, Wojciech.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 7, No. 12, e51812, 14.12.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tereshchenko, Larisa ; McNitt, Scott ; Han, Lichy ; Berger, Ronald D. ; Zareba, Wojciech. / ECG Marker of Adverse Electrical Remodeling Post-Myocardial Infarction Predicts Outcomes in MADIT II Study. In: PLoS One. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 12.
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abstract = "Background: Post-myocardial infarction (MI) structural remodeling is characterized by left ventricular dilatation, fibrosis, and hypertrophy of the non-infarcted myocardium. Objective: The goal of our study was to quantify post-MI electrical remodeling by measuring the sum absolute QRST integral (SAI QRST). We hypothesized that adverse electrical remodeling predicts outcomes in MADIT II study participants. Methods: Baseline orthogonal ECGs of 750 MADIT II study participants (448 [59.7{\%}] ICD arm) were analyzed. SAI QRST was measured as the arithmetic sum of absolute QRST integrals over all three orthogonal ECG leads. The primary endpoint was defined as sudden cardiac death (SCD) or sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) with appropriate ICD therapies. All-cause mortality served as a secondary endpoint. Results: Adverse electrical remodeling in post-MI patients was characterized by wide QRS, increased magnitudes of spatial QRS and T vectors, J-point deviation, and QTc prolongation. In multivariable Cox regression analysis after adjustment for age, QRS duration, atrial fibrillation, New York Heart Association heart failure class and blood urea nitrogen, SAI QRST predicted SCD/VT/VF (HR 1.33 per 100 mV*ms (95{\%}CI 1.11-1.59); P = 0.002), and all-cause death (HR 1.27 per 100 mV*ms (95{\%}CI 1.03-1.55), P = 0.022) in both arms. No interaction with therapy arm and bundle branch block (BBB) status was found. Conclusions: In MADIT II patients, increased SAI QRST is associated with increased risk of sustained VT/VF with appropriate ICD therapies and all-cause death in both ICD and in conventional medical therapy arms, and in patients with and without BBB. Further studies of SAI QRST are warranted.",
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AB - Background: Post-myocardial infarction (MI) structural remodeling is characterized by left ventricular dilatation, fibrosis, and hypertrophy of the non-infarcted myocardium. Objective: The goal of our study was to quantify post-MI electrical remodeling by measuring the sum absolute QRST integral (SAI QRST). We hypothesized that adverse electrical remodeling predicts outcomes in MADIT II study participants. Methods: Baseline orthogonal ECGs of 750 MADIT II study participants (448 [59.7%] ICD arm) were analyzed. SAI QRST was measured as the arithmetic sum of absolute QRST integrals over all three orthogonal ECG leads. The primary endpoint was defined as sudden cardiac death (SCD) or sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) with appropriate ICD therapies. All-cause mortality served as a secondary endpoint. Results: Adverse electrical remodeling in post-MI patients was characterized by wide QRS, increased magnitudes of spatial QRS and T vectors, J-point deviation, and QTc prolongation. In multivariable Cox regression analysis after adjustment for age, QRS duration, atrial fibrillation, New York Heart Association heart failure class and blood urea nitrogen, SAI QRST predicted SCD/VT/VF (HR 1.33 per 100 mV*ms (95%CI 1.11-1.59); P = 0.002), and all-cause death (HR 1.27 per 100 mV*ms (95%CI 1.03-1.55), P = 0.022) in both arms. No interaction with therapy arm and bundle branch block (BBB) status was found. Conclusions: In MADIT II patients, increased SAI QRST is associated with increased risk of sustained VT/VF with appropriate ICD therapies and all-cause death in both ICD and in conventional medical therapy arms, and in patients with and without BBB. Further studies of SAI QRST are warranted.

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