Early pituitary desensitization and ovarian suppression with leuprolide acetate is associated with in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer success

D. B. Seifer, K. L. Thornton, A. H. DeCherney, G. Lavy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine if the timing of the onset of pituitary desensitization and ovarian suppression using follicular phase leuprolide acetate (LA) is associated with in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) success for pregnancy. Design: Retrospective series of IVF patients undergoing pituitary desensitization and ovarian suppression before beginning controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for IVF-ET. Setting: Tertiary infertility practice. Patients: Seventy-eight women for 80 cycles began LA on day 1 of their menstrual cycle. After 11 days of LA, 47 (59%) cycles in group I had suppressed serum estradiol (E2) levels < 40 pg/mL, in contrast to 33 (41%) cycles in group II not adequately suppressed, thereby requiring additional days to achieve suppression. Interventions: Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation was started when patients were satisfactorily suppressed, i.e., E2 < 40 pg/mL. Main Outcome Measure(s): Mean E2 response, ampules of human menopausal gonadotropin, cancellation rates, number of oocytes retrieved, fertilization rates, and pregnancy rates (PRs) per cycle were examined between groups I and II. Results: Group I demonstrated a greater mean E2 response on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin 1,735 pg/mL versus 1,470 pg/mL (P = 0.008), a greater fertilization rate 64% versus 55% (P = 0.02), and a higher PR per cycle 34% versus 12% (P = 0.036) compared with group II. Conclusions: Women who achieved desensitization-suppression within 11 days of initiating LA demonstrated a more favorable outcome for IVF-ET than those who did not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-504
Number of pages5
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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