Early changes in right ventricular function and their clinical consequences in childhood and adolescent dilated cardiomyopathy

Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Susan L. Roche, Shi Joon Yoo, Mike Seed, Paul Kantor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of the paper was to investigate the right ventricle in paediatric dilated cardiomyopathy. We examined 11 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy as well as 12 normal paediatric controls. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed for ventricular size and function. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide was collected at this time and the results from the most recent echocardiogram and exercise test were reviewed. We found that patients with dilated cardiomyopathy had significantly faster heart rates, that is, 85 versus 65 beats per minute, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, that is, 42 versus 61%, and right ventricular ejection fraction of 44 versus 54%, lower left and right ventricular stroke volumes, that is, 35.5 versus 49.5 millilitres per square metre and 40.9 versus 56.4 millilitres per square metre, respectively, and lower mitral and tricuspid valve inflow e/a wave velocity ratios of 2.02 versus 2.80 and 1.25 versus 2.58, respectively, than the controls. Tricuspid valve annulus velocity, measured by tissue Doppler echocardiography, correlated with right ventricular ejection fraction (r = 0.60, p = 0.05). Right ventricular ejection fraction and indexed right ventricular end-diastolic volume correlated with N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (r = 0.67, p = 0.03, r = 0.65, p = 0.04, respectively), and right ventricular ejection fraction correlated with the oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold (r = 0.67, p = 0.049). Neither left ventricular ejection fraction nor left ventricular volume correlated with N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide or exercise tolerance. The right ventricular function is decreased in the early stages of dilated cardiomyopathy. Right ventricular size and ejection fraction may be important indicators of sub-clinical cardiac failure and we suggest monitoring them routinely in dilated cardiomyopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-425
Number of pages8
JournalCardiology in the young
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • echocardiography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • ventricular volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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